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The American Conservative - August 01, 2010 Issue

The attack on the Gaza relief flotilla jeopardizes Israel itself.

Israel’s botched raid against the Gaza-bound humanitarian flotilla on May 31 is the latest sign that Israel is on a disastrous course that it seems incapable of reversing. The attack also highlights the extent to which Israel has become a strategic liability for the United States. This situation is likely to get worse over time, which will cause major problems for Americans who have a deep attachment to the Jewish state.

The bungled assault on the Mavi Marmara, the lead ship in the flotilla, shows once again that Israel is addicted to using military force yet unable to do so effectively. One would think that the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) would improve over time from all the practice. Instead, it has become the gang that cannot shoot straight.

The IDF last scored a clear-cut victory in the Six Day War in 1967; the record since then is a litany of unsuccessful campaigns. The War of Attrition (1969-70) was at best a draw, and Israel fell victim to one of the great surprise attacks in military history in the October War of 1973. In 1982, the IDF invaded Lebanon and ended up in a protracted and bloody fight with Hezbollah. Eighteen years later, Israel conceded defeat and pulled out of the Lebanese quagmire. Israel tried to quell the First Intifada by force in the late 1980s, with Defense Minister Yitzhak Rabin telling his troops to break the bones of the Palestinian demonstrators. But that strategy failed and Israel was forced to join the Oslo Peace Process instead, which was another failed endeavor.

The IDF has not become more competent in recent years. By almost all accounts—including the Israeli government’s own commission of inquiry—it performed abysmally in the 2006 Lebanon war. The IDF then launched a new campaign against the people of Gaza in December 2008, in part to “restore Israel’s deterrence” but also to weaken or topple Hamas. Although the mighty IDF was free to pummel Gaza at will, Hamas survived and Israel was widely condemned for the destruction and killing it wrought on Gaza’s civilian population. Indeed, the Goldstone Report, written under UN auspices, accused Israel of war crimes and possible crimes against humanity. Earlier this year, the Mossad murdered a Hamas leader in Dubai, but the assassins were seen on multiple security cameras and were found to have used forged passports from Australia and a handful of European countries. The result was an embarrassing diplomatic row, with Australia, Ireland, and Britain each expelling an Israeli diplomat.

Given this history, it is not surprising that the IDF mishandled the operation against the Gaza flotilla, despite having weeks to plan it. The assault forces that landed on the Mavi Marmara were unprepared for serious resistance and responded by shooting nine activists, some at point-blank range. None of the activists had their own guns. The bloody operation was condemned around the world—except in the United States, of course. Even within Israel, the IDF was roundly criticized for this latest failure.

These ill-conceived operations have harmful consequences for Israel. Failures leave adversaries intact and make Israeli leaders worry that their deterrent reputation is being undermined. To rectify that, the IDF is turned loose again, but the result is usually another misadventure, which gives Israel new incentives to do it again, and so on. This spiral logic, coupled with Israel’s intoxication with military force, helps explain why the Israeli press routinely carries articles predicting where Israel’s next war will be.

Israel’s recent debacles have also damaged its international reputation. Respondents to a 2010 worldwide opinion poll done for the BBC said that Israel, Iran, and Pakistan had the most negative influence in the world; even North Korea ranked better. More worrying for Israel is that its once close strategic relationship with Turkey has been badly damaged by the 2008-09 Gaza war and especially by the assault on the Mavi Marmara, a Turkish ship filled with Turkish nationals. But surely the most troubling development for Israel is the growing chorus of voices in the United States who say that Israel’s behavior is threatening American interests around the world, to include endangering its soldiers. If that sentiment grows, it could seriously harm Israel’s relationship with the United States.

Life as an Apartheid State

The flotilla tragedy highlights another way in which Israel is in deep trouble. Israel’s response makes it obvious that its leaders are not interested in allowing the Palestinians to have a viable state in Gaza and the West Bank, but instead are bent on creating a “Greater Israel” in which the Palestinians are confined to a handful of impoverished enclaves.

Israel insists that its blockade is solely intended to keep weapons out of Gaza. Hardly anyone would criticize Israel if this were true, but it is not. The real aim of the blockade is to punish the people of Gaza for supporting Hamas and resisting Israel’s efforts to maintain Gaza as a giant open-air prison. Of course, there was much evidence that this was the case before the debacle on the Mavi Marmara. When the blockade began in 2006, Dov Weisglass, a close aide to Prime Ministers Ariel Sharon and Ehud Olmert, said, “The idea is to put the Palestinians on a diet, but not to make them die of hunger.” And the Gaza onslaught 18 months ago was designed to punish the Gazans, not enforce a weapons embargo. The ships in the flotilla were transporting humanitarian aid, not weapons for Hamas, and Israel’s willingness to use deadly force to prevent a humanitarian aid convoy from reaching Gaza makes it abundantly clear that Israel wants to humiliate and subdue the Palestinians, not live side-by-side with them in separate states.

Collective punishment of the Palestinians in Gaza is unlikely to end anytime soon. Israel’s leaders have shown little interest in lifting the blockade or negotiating sincerely. The sad truth is that Israel has been brutalizing the Palestinians for so long that it is almost impossible to break the habit. It is hardly surprising that Jimmy Carter said last year, “the citizens of Palestine are treated more like animals than human beings.” They are, and they will be for the foreseeable future.

Consequently, there is not going to be a two-state solution. Instead, Gaza and the West Bank will become part of a Greater Israel, which will be an apartheid state bearing a marked resemblance to white-ruled South Africa. Israelis and their American supporters invariably bristle at this comparison, but that is their future if they create a Greater Israel while denying full political rights to an Arab population that will soon outnumber the Jewish population in the entirety of the land. In fact, two former Israeli prime ministers—Ehud Olmert and Ehud Barak—have made this very point. Olmert went so far as to argue, “as soon as that happens, the state of Israel is finished.”

He’s right, because Israel will not be able to maintain itself as an apartheid state. Like racist South Africa, it will eventually evolve into a democratic bi-national state whose politics will be dominated by the more numerous Palestinians. But that process will take many years, and during that time, Israel will continue to oppress the Palestinians. Its actions will be seen and condemned by growing numbers of people and more and more governments around the world. Israel is unwittingly destroying its own future as a Jewish state, and doing so with tacit U.S. support.

America’s Albatross

The combination of Israel’s strategic incompetence and its gradual transformation into an apartheid state creates significant problems for the United States. There is growing recognition in both countries that their interests are diverging; indeed this perspective is even garnering attention inside the American Jewish community. Jewish Week, for example, recently published an article entitled “The Gaza Blockade: What Do You Do When U.S. and Israeli Interests Aren’t in Synch?” Leaders in both countries are now saying that Israeli policy toward the Palestinians is undermining U.S. security. Vice President Biden and Gen. David Petraeus, the head of Central Command, both made this point recently, and the head of the Mossad, Meir Dagan, told the Knesset in June, “Israel is gradually turning from an asset to the United States to a burden.”

It is easy to see why. Because the United States gives Israel so much support and U.S. politicians routinely laud the “special relationship” in the most lavish terms, people around the globe naturally associate the United States with Israel’s actions. Unfortunately, this makes huge numbers of people in the Arab and Islamic world furious with the United States for supporting Israel’s cruel treatment of the Palestinians. That anger in turn helps fuel terrorism against America. Remember that the 9/11 Commission Report, which describes Khalid Sheik Muhammad as the “principal architect of the 9/11 attacks,” concludes that his “animus toward the United States stemmed not from his experiences there as a student, but rather from his violent disagreement with U.S. foreign policy favoring Israel.” Osama bin Laden’s hostility toward the United States was fuelled in part by this same concern.

Popular anger toward the United States also threatens the rulers of Egypt, Jordan, and Saudi Arabia, key U.S. allies who are frequently seen as America’s lackeys. The collapse of any of these regimes would be a big blow to the U.S. position in the region; however, Washington’s unyielding support for Israel makes these governments weaker, not stronger. More importantly, the rupture in Israel’s relationship with Turkey will surely damage America’s otherwise close relationship with Turkey, a NATO member and a key U.S. ally in Europe and the Middle East.

Finally, there is the danger that Israel might attack Iran’s nuclear facilities, which could have terrible consequences for the United States. The last thing America needs is another war with an Islamic country, especially one that could easily interfere in its ongoing wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. This is why the Pentagon opposes striking Iran, whether with Israeli or U.S. forces. But Netanyahu might do it anyway if he thinks it would be good for Israel, even if it were bad for the United States.

Dark Days Ahead for the Lobby

Israel’s troubled trajectory is also causing major headaches for its American supporters. First, there is the matter of choosing between Israel and the United States. This is sometimes referred to as the issue of dual loyalty, but that term is a misnomer. Americans are allowed to have dual citizenship—and in effect, dual loyalty—and this is no problem as long as the interests of the other country are in synch with America’s interests. For decades, Israel’s supporters have striven to shape public discourse in the United States so that most Americans believe the two countries’ interests are identical. That situation is changing, however. Not only is there now open talk about clashing interests, but knowledgeable people are openly asking whether Israel’s actions are detrimental to U.S. security.

The lobby has been scrambling to discredit this new discourse, either by reasserting the standard argument that Israel’s interests are synonymous with America’s or by claiming that Israel—to quote a recent statement by Mortimer Zuckerman, a key figure in the lobby—“has been an ally that has paid dividends exceeding its costs.” A more sophisticated approach, which is reflected in an AIPAC-sponsored letter that 337 congresspersons sent to Secretary of State Hillary Clinton in March, acknowledges that there will be differences between the two countries, but argues that “such differences are best resolved quietly, in trust and confidence.” In other words, keep the differences behind closed doors and away from the American public. It is too late, however, to quell the public debate about whether Israel’s actions are damaging U.S. interests. In fact, it is likely to grow louder and more contentious with time.

This changing discourse creates a daunting problem for Israel’s supporters, because they will have to side either with Israel or the United States when the two countries’ interests clash. Thus far, most of the key individuals and institutions in the lobby have sided with Israel when there was a dispute. For example, President Obama and Prime Minister Netanyahu have had two big public fights over settlements. Both times the lobby sided with Netanyahu and helped him thwart Obama. It seems clear that individuals like Abraham Foxman, who heads the Anti-Defamation League, and organizations like AIPAC are primarily concerned about Israel’s interests, not America’s.

This situation is very dangerous for the lobby. The real problem is not dual loyalty but choosing between the two loyalties and ultimately putting the interests of Israel ahead of those of America. The lobby’s unstinting commitment to defending Israel, which sometimes means shortchanging U.S. interests, is likely to become more apparent to more Americans in the future, and that could lead to a wicked backlash against Israel’s supporters as well as Israel.

The lobby faces yet another challenge: defending an apartheid state in the liberal West is not going to be easy. Once it is widely recognized that the two-state solution is dead and Israel has become like white-ruled South Africa—and that day is not far off—support for Israel inside the American Jewish community is likely to diminish significantly. The main reason is that apartheid is a despicable political system that is fundamentally at odds with basic American values as well as core Jewish values. For sure there will be some Jews who will defend Israel no matter what kind of political system it has. But their numbers will shrink over time, in large part because survey data shows that younger American Jews feel less attachment to Israel than their elders, which makes them less inclined to defend Israel blindly.

The bottom line is that Israel will not be able to maintain itself as an apartheid state over the long term because it will not be able to depend on the American Jewish community to defend such a reprehensible political order.

Assisted Suicide

Israel is facing a bleak future, yet there is no reason to think that it will change course anytime soon. The political center of gravity in Israel has shifted sharply to the right and there is no sizable pro-peace political party or movement. Moreover, it remains firmly committed to the belief that what cannot be solved by force can be solved with greater force, and many Israelis view the Palestinians with contempt if not hatred. Neither the Palestinians nor any of Israel’s immediate neighbors are powerful enough to deter it, and the lobby will remain influential enough over the next decade to protect Israel from meaningful U.S. pressure.

Remarkably, the lobby is helping Israel commit national suicide while also doing serious damage to American security interests. Voices challenging this tragic situation have grown slightly more numerous in recent years, but the majority of political commentators and virtually all U.S. politicians seem blissfully ignorant of where this is headed, or unwilling to risk their careers by speaking out.

John J. Mearsheimer is the R. Wendell Harrison Distinguished Service Professor of Political Science and the co-director of the Program on International Security Policy at the University of Chicago, where he has taught since 1982. He is  coauthor of :  The Israel Lobby and U.S. Foreign Policy

9 Comments

  1. Earlaiman on the 30. Jun, 2010 remarked #

    It is difficult, nearly impossible, to comment on such an analysis which is so thorough and obviously accurate.

    I like the albatross metaphor, and it is growing heavier by the day, even in in its death throes, and beginning to stink to high heaven as it rots and corrupts around America’s neck.

    It is going to be a messy day when America can no longer bear the weight and stomach the stench, and finally shrugs and casts it off.

    Earlaiman

  2. Don't hold your breath, Earl Aiman on the 30. Jun, 2010 remarked #

    I don’t know if you were aware, but within the past week, the Senate took a vote and passed a resolution supporting Israel unconditionally. While this is nothing new in the boot licking, complicit in treason scum that occupies the halls of the Capitol building, it’s particularly telling that only ’8′ members voted against it. Maxine Waters, once a stalwart and solid anti zionist vote, actually voted ‘present’ which, in reality, is a vote FOR ZIONISM.

    So, unless there is a massive THROW THE INCUMBENTS OUT EN MASSE movement this November, we’ve got a pro Israeli government, all the way up to the top of the food chain with Rahm ‘mossad boy’ Emanuel. Elena Kagan is going to be confirmed to SCOTUS soon, by these same zionist puppets, too.

    I’d agree with you about people in America finally having enough, but the citizenry is so out of touch with this reality that if you ask 10 people out on the street what they think about the zionism and the Israeli control of our government, you won’t hear too very many people say anything that indicates they’ve even got a clue about what that is, and in fact, you’ll likely get more blank stares than looks of cognition.

    There won’t ever be a day when American’s ever wake up, Earl. To ‘wake up’ requires a modicum of curiosity and a pinch of ‘give a shit’ in them, and I don’t see it. The reason I don’t see it, is because IT ISN’T THERE!

  3. Earlaiman on the 30. Jun, 2010 remarked #

    To my Dear Anonymous Friend above:

    Winston Churchill once observed, “You can always depend on the Americans to do the right thing… after they have tried and failed at everything else.”

    He was correct.

    IT IS THERE!

    And you can depend on it, after they have failed at everything else, they will eventually turn to the problem, and turn on it, and solve it!

    And, like everything else they have ever done, they will overdo it, and the overkill is going to be messy!

    Yes, the captive Congress performs as instructed, and there may be no sign of change in the offing… but the sands of time are running, and time is running out.

    When the tide changes,it will come back in with tsunami force… so stand from under!

    Everything in its own time.

    In the meanwhile, stay low and keep moving.

    Earlaiman

  4. Debbie on the 30. Jun, 2010 remarked #

    Dear Earlaiman,

    Given all the exposure and everything which has taken place over the past five to ten years, I see no real changes in what is happening with regard to American foreign policy, or on the ground in Israel, Iraq, the US, Palestine, or anywhere.

    The Congress still passes Draconian laws and the Executive still reacts to them, and the beat goes on!

    People bleat but no one seems to hear them. Reminds me of the cries of the anguished Lambs in the back of the lorry which are brought into town each week in a Hollywood movie, and how they cried and screamed as the truck pulled up in front of the butcher-shop and one of them was led to the gallows at the rear of the lorry, where he was strung up by the hooks, stabbed in the aorta and drained to death in front of all of his mates.

    They seemed to know what was happening, from the instant they felt the truck slow,and heard the brakes squeal as it came to a stop, the driver and his man got out, and came to the back of the lorry.

    They screamed, but no one who could do anything for them heard them.

    The wolves are still driving the flock wherever they want them to go. Little Bo Peep has lost her sheep….indeed! The foxes are still mustering the hens.

    :D

  5. Earlaiman on the 30. Jun, 2010 remarked #

    My Dear Madam:

    The King is in the Counting House, Counting all his money;
    The Queen is in the parlor, eating bread and honey;
    The Maid is in the garden hanging up the clothes,
    and here comes that damned blackbird…..

    How aptly put.. and now we eat our own words.

    The beat goes on… the flies go ‘rond and ’round… and when we turn on the lights, all the cockroaches scurry for cover.

    A reckoning is long overdue, and in its own time, it shall sweep into town like Dorothy’s tornado, and we won’t be in Kansas anymore, Tonto.

    Earlaiman

  6. Earl Aiman, I don't see it, I don't, and I think Deb sees it the same as I see it...but not encouraging to know there's a concensus for DICTATORSHIP here on the 30. Jun, 2010 remarked #

    As much as I wish you were right, Earl, I know in my heart you’re ‘wishfully thinking’ here and that’s nice and it is a good gesture today, on a day I had to say goodbye to a cat I loved so dearly that his death has made me feel quite in anguish and pain over his loss. His name was Gabriel, like the angel, and he belonged to my ‘ex’, but as I have ’5′ others, and they are all precious and special to me, the loss of Gabe was a blow I didn’t see coming, or wouldn’t see coming.

    But tonight I mourn more for the country Gabe left behind. I mourn for American’s who are both clueless and ignorant. I mourn for a nation full of ignoramus’ who have the intelligence quotients of ‘toasters’ here. I mourn for the country I served in uniform for, distinguished service for sure, during vietnam. I mourn for that nation, Earl. And Debbie, you’re right. Not that this is to deride Earl at all, which it’s not, I so would love to buy into Earl’s theory of ‘waking up and righting it’ but it won’t happen. I believed as Earl does as recently as two years ago, but not any longer. I see ‘lights on, nobody home’ looks I write about in here often. I see people walking around with head’s so firmly up their keister’s that they’d have to POLISH THEIR BELLY BUTTONS TO SEE WHERE THEY ARE GOING!!

    But for some reason, Earl’s delusion felt good. Like my delusion today that I wouldn’t lose my good friend and cat, Gabriel today. I buried him. I guess I have to look forward to burying my nation next, after it fornicates upwards in Iran and really, really, as we say in aviator terminology; “screws the goddamned pooch..”

    We’ve got a nation who’s truly, utterly, beyond all of my worst nightmare’s, SCREWED THE F*CKING POOCH!!

    Thanks, Earl, you are a kindred spirit though we disagree. And thank you, Debbie.

    Thanks for being there, in opposition to more of this miasma called ‘pooch screwing 101′ going on here.

  7. Debbie on the 30. Jun, 2010 remarked #

    Twee tweedle-dee, tweedle-dee,

    went the fiddlers,

    Oh there’s none so rare

    As can compare

    With King Cole and his fiddlers three!

    So it seems to go on, and on, and on… business as usual!
    Are we making progress or are we just making noises?

  8. Earlaiman on the 01. Jul, 2010 remarked #

    To my anonymous friend

    As anonymous as you are my friend, I think I know you very well. I may have met you in Vietnam, where I also did a tour of “distinguished” service… or perhaps in Korea, or on that little Destroyer Escort I served in in WWII. Somewhere along the line we trooped or sailed together.

    It saddens me to hear how you miss Gabriel. I cannot count the cats I have buried in the past 82 years, but there have been an abundance of them.

    You have a great many Jewish friends in America. I do too. Loved and dear friends. And, I felt grieved and sympathetic for the old folks when they told me about their experiences in Russia before they left and came to New York with only a few diamonds sewn inside their coat linings, and how they were treated in Europe in the Thirties and during the War, and I am going to feel sorry for and empathize with them when their shit gets in the fan in America, too, because, as bad as it may have been for their grandparents in Gdansk, Moscow and Warsaw, it is going to be worse in Brooklyn, Newark, Philly and Miami Beach.

    And who shall we blame for all of it? Perhaps some Zionists… perhaps the “Israelis;” perhaps a few insane or rabid fanatics…. but will it really matter? You know that most of our under-brained and over-muscled Billy-Bob Joe Sixpack American compatriots are not going to make such fine distinctions,.. they’re just gonna kick some wild and foreign asses that’s what they’s gonna do!

    I know Americans. When they pull their heads out of their asses and take a look around, and see what has happened they are going to be real pissed, and they are going to clean up the act and the stage.

    America won’t really change very much, and it will never be the same as it never was in the first place, but it’s going to be exciting.

    Yeah, you and I will probably survive… our kids will make it, the grands and the great-grandkids will adapt to a world without myth, and perhaps learn to deal with reality much better than you or I.

    I rather enjoyed the “once upon a time” America I once thought I knew.

    But, it was all a f*cking dream, and it turned into a nightmare. Must have been all those kosher dill pickles and gefiltefish we had for dinner so many times.

    Look after yourself, and your health, friend. Take care… see you around someday.

    Earlaiman

  9. Thanks, Earl!!! :) on the 01. Jul, 2010 remarked #

    I just read your post, and found it to be pretty comforting. And you’re right about the jewish people not all being bad. We have a lot of them in this country who perhaps never were aligned with the ‘hijacked’ and highly ‘zionist supporting’ and ‘talmudic’ ones that see us goyim as being stupid animals that were born to serve them.

    I think we did the same stint of duty somewhere on the world’s oceans in different times. I actually will now defer to your years of experience over me, and not just for that, but I have learned that over time, you do actually get a clue, and the elders in our small former military universe, if not turned to the dark side, actually do share kind of a brotherhood.

    Your nice reply back here makes me feel like there is more common ground to us than there is ‘disparity’ and you could actually know what you see says people will wake up. I have steadily watched the situation slump into a nose dive over my 40 years of ‘political awareness’ to the extent that I knew earlier on than most that the political game here was very rigged and like the ‘crosswalk button’ on the pole by the crosswalks. Not connected to anything real, no wires behind it even, but always gave you something to feel good about while you waited for the signal to change to WALK. That’s my assessment of the entire political climate here, it’s always been a chimera. Not reality.

    But we do have a common thread, in that we once served, and in our own way, are both doing the ‘bees dance’ as I call it, trying to wake the hive to danger. Only the hive has been smoked with bullshit smoke and the bees are groggy and barely moving. The baseball bat is mere inches away and we’re dancing like crazy, but it’s not working as fast as you and I would like. The analogy is the best I can come up with, that ‘bee dance’ thing.

    I was a spook, so my job was to do the bee’s dance whenever it was warranted to keep my fellow shipmates alive. Ironically, some of them are very much upset with me for my ‘truth’ and though we once were shipmates years go, they are nobody I would bend over in front of now without iron chastity belt on, for sure! It’s a sad commentary that fellows who once served on a 564 foot long piece of grey metal for 5 years together, would polarize and not respect each other, but what I see in them is a lot of ‘fear’ and ‘cowardice’ that during combat or imminent enemy danger years ago, was not there. I guess old age sometimes makes your balls atrophy.

    Mine still work, but more important than that, my brain is actually still able to cogently see intelligence and analyze the threat level from what I see.

    In any case, you truly are a true, no two ways around it, asset to this country, and I would always consider you to be my friend. You are not only a gentleman, but a wise and trustworthy one, at that! Traits so rare in today’s faux noize world of b.s. (not barry soetoro this time) and lies.

    Keep an eye out for me in here, Earl. You have an ally for sure. I’m pretty notorious and in some circles in this co-opted, puss infested government, probably seen as a true ‘threat’ to them for my veracity and my failure to ever fear them or stand down to them. I’d just as soon kick them with all my might in the joining point between their legs than to genuflect or kiss their imaginary rings of power. I fear no man, or woman, and my mixture of european lineage makes me particularly thick skulled and unyielding to threats by them. I look them right in the eye and defy them when they encounter me face to face.

    They fear people like us, Earl, because we aren’t solely ‘idealogues’ as they call us, but we’re uncompromisingly NON BRIBE-able to a fault (their fault!)

    Anyway, if Gabe were alive, he’d like you. He’d know you as his friend.

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