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By Ahmet Davutoglu – Turkish Foreign Minister

“What they wanted us to do was give the confidence to Iran to do the swap. We have done our duty,” said Davutoglu, calling the deal an important step for regional and global peace. -Turkish Foreign Minister Davutoglu

“What they wanted us to do was give the confidence to Iran to do the swap. We have done our duty,” said Davutoglu, calling the deal an important step for regional and global peace.

In a swift answer to the Iran nuclear fuel deal secured Monday by Turkey and Brazil, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton announced today that world powers had finalized a package of “strong” new sanctions against Iran.

After months of diplomatic efforts, the US secured support overnight from Russia and China, removing the possibility that the move would be vetoed by the United Nations Security Council. The draft would be circulated later Tuesday to the full council, she said.

“This announcement is as convincing an answer to the efforts undertaken by Tehran over the last few days as any we could provide,” Clinton told the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. “There are a number of unanswered questions regarding the announcement coming from Tehran.”

While Clinton said the US acknowledged the “sincere efforts of both Turkey and Brazil to find a solution,” she made clear that the US considered Iran to be still in breach of five Security Council resolutions against it.

“We are proceeding to rally the international community on behalf of a strong sanctions resolution that will in our view send an unmistakable message about what is expected from Iran,” Clinton said.

A rebuff to Turkey

That unmistakable message would also come through as a clear rebuff to Turkey, where just hours before Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu had said that the Iran nuclear deal signed yesterday represented “an important psychological threshold” of trust with Iran that should not be undermined by further talk of sanctions.

Seeking to counter the cool reception from the US and Europe to the Turkey-Brazil brokered deal, Mr. Davutoglu said during a press conference in Istanbul on Tuesday that senior US officials including Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and National Security Advisor James Jones had been in “constant contact with us.”

In addition, he noted that President Barack Obama had encouraged Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan, in face-to-face meetings in December and April, to convince Iran to accept an original US-backed proposal put forward in October. The nuclear fuel swap deal signed in Tehran on Monday, which calls for Iran to send more than half of its low-enriched uranium to Turkey, is almost identical to that deal.

“What they wanted us to do was give the confidence to Iran to do the swap. We have done our duty,” said Davutoglu, calling the deal an important step for regional and global peace. “We were told that if Iran gives 1,200 kg without conditions, then the required atmosphere of trust would be created [to avoid sanctions]. So if we do all these things, and they still talk about sanctions….[it] will damage the psychological trust that has been created.”

Davutoglu said that the deal also required “sacrifices” from Iran, which had demanded as late as last week that it be allowed to carry out the swap on Iranian soil, and in batches rather than all at once, and that it receive the higher enriched fuel in a simultaneous trade.

US: Iran still defying five Security Council resolutions

In Washington on Monday, officials had been quick to point out that due to Iran’s continuing uranium enrichment, 1,200 kg represents roughly 55 percent of Iran’s total declared LEU stockpile, not the 70 percent it represented in October. In addition, some were dismayed that the confidence-building measure, designed to buy time for more complete negotiations over UN Security Council concerns about Iran’s nuclear program, had taken the spotlight off those concerns.

“Iran remains in defiance of five UN Security Council resolutions, including its unwillingness to suspend enrichment operations,” US State Department spokesman PJ Crowley had said on Monday. “Our efforts for sanctions at the UN will continue.”

However, the US draft for a fourth round of sanctions will face a harder battle now that Brazil and Turkey – both rotating Security Council members – have revived a diplomatic option.

Before news broke of the new sanctions draft, Davutoglu said that he was going to speak to foreign ministers from all non-permanent members of the UNSC, and Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan was to explain the deal to all permanent members.

China – the permanent Security Council member which had most opposed sanctions on Iran, a key trading partner – yesterday “expressed its welcome and appreciation for the diplomatic efforts” to find an “appropriate solution.” But Clinton stated that China had nevertheless signed up to the new sanctions draft – and presumably would not veto a vote.

Iranian officials said they wanted a swift and positive response from so-called Vienna Group, comprised of the International Atomic Energy Agency based in that city, as well as the US, Russia, and France. “We expect members of the Vienna Group to quickly announce their readiness” to implement the deal, Iran’s Foreign Ministry spokesman Ramin Mehrmanparast said on Tuesday.

Shadow cast over Turkey’s breakthrough

For Turkey and Brazil, both regional powers seeking to grow in global influence, the Iran fuel swap was a breakthrough. They positioned themselves as guarantors of a process that Davutoglu said had now achieved “a new spirit of cooperation” that could yield “winds of peace” with Iran.

He said Turkey now expected the “same flexibility” from the US and the West in dealing with Iran – flexibility which the US has now made clear is not on offer.

“Discussions of sanctions will spoil the atmosphere and may provoke Iranian public opinion,” said Davutoglu. It was Mr. Obama’s policy of engagement that “paved the way for this process,” and his words of support for Turkey’s diplomatic efforts with Iran last April “encouraged and motivated us.”

During months of talks, Davutoglu has made seven visits to Iran, while his Iranian counterpart Manouchehr Mottaki has visited Turkey five times. There were 40 calls between Turkey and Mottaki, as well as many others with Mrs. Clinton, Mr. Jones, and the EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton. The final push was 18 consecutive hours of negotiations in Tehran this past weekend.

“We don’t want war, tension or sanctions in our region,” said Davutoglu, the architect of Turkey’s “zero problems with neighbors” foreign policy approach. “We want peace and tranquility.”

This article is taken from: Campaign Against Sanctions and Military Intervention in Iran

Original source: Christian Science Monitor

2 Comments

  1. Debbie on the 19. May, 2010 remarked #

    Russia, China and Turkey are probably the few left who are not in thrall, or the clutches of Israel or ensnared by their psychotic, gnomonic or political clutches. The Russians have had entirely too much dealing with Russian Jews to ever let them back in the door; China, like the Jews, trusts and deals only with their own (they are Asia’s “Jews”), and Turkey has always been, ever since the Ottoman days, a sturdy and reliable Islamic people.

    They are perhaps the last hope for America. The Cavalry who will rush to the rescue, perhaps. The cost may be high but if it can be done, if it is done, it will be they and perhaps a few like them who are instrumental. They are all acceptable brokers, and like good “honest” brokers, will broker something which benefits them as well as the rest.

    I simply do not see Iran as a “threat” to anyone. Sure, they want a place in the political and commercial world, a seat at the table of success, and ever since they threw out the Shah they have been sidelined by Europe and the US.

    They took the US hostages, and held them for ages, but that was a consequence of America’s own attitude and behavior toward “post Shah” Iran and its administration. The prolongation of that debacle was a direct product of US Republican and GHW Bush manipulation and involvement.

    Iran, with one of the most modern, civilized and educated “cultures” in the Middle East certainly poses a threat to Israel and American Jewry commercial interests as player in the world economic and political arena, but they constitute no threat politically to the “America” or European democratic “way of life, and pursuit of freedom and happiness.”

    It is my understanding that Iran has just opened an aircraft and an automobile manufacturing industry. And, whether they make any mark in industry or product manufacturing or not, they have oil which is a good substitute for and an excellent compensation for lack of any of the “western” “achievements”.

    Yeah, Ahmadinejad is a bit of a loud mouth, or at least Westerner press and other propaganda lackeys have made him appear to be, but is he very much different from George W Bush in his public appearances? The loud mouthed dunce, easily ridiculed?

    I think Ahmedinejad is an honest man, with modest skills and political circumstances have cast him in a role which taxes his ability. For the most part, he serves other masters, just as did George Bush, and is personally well-intended, (which GWB was not) and harmless, (which GWB was also not).

    With regard to Israel, it is understandable that as long as there is one other tall poppy standing in the Middle East, then Israel is not going to be able to be dominant in the area, and Zionism will fail, for its success and its existence depends on total domination of all it encounters, which extends far beyond the ME. In this regard, the mere existence of Iran threatens the existence of Israel.

    I see CNN has been programming positive Israeli socio-cultural image-improvement propaganda bits on their Asian network. Will they give Islam or Arab equal time? I doubt it!

    – Debbie

  2. rexw on the 20. May, 2010 remarked #

    US: Iran still defying five Security Council resolutions.

    Can it be possible that such a thing even warrants a comment in this article.

    Just a second while Google how many Israel has defied……it seems to be 150 or so.
    Can we please stop this hyprocisy, yet again.

    Daily, we hear the wailing stupidity of the tarnished Secretary of State, Clinton, perhaps the greatest mistake in the history of US mistakes and that’s saying something.
    First of all, they have no weapons…Israel has at least 250. They have signed the NPT…Israel has not.

    One becomes so tired of pointing out the bleeding obvious. However, it can safely be said that anyone reading this column would be fully aware of these facts.

    As for Ahmedinejad, most Iranians would want him to be less vociferous in his dealings with others even allowing for the obvious misrepresentations by the Jewish press barons, Murdoch and the like.

    The comment that Iran in the bad old days took US hostages. The current leader of Iran, at the time of the US meddling in Iran’s politics, was one of the students out of a diverse bunch of various groups who tried extremely hard to stop the hostage option.

    That would mean little to Clinton as she has had her instructions from the Israeli go-between Emanuel who seems to spend his days, when not flitting between Washington and his Israeli Head office, in reassuring Israel of the US commitment to being told what to do, daily.

    So keep beating your Jewish drum, Madame Secretary. You are a disgrace and Iran will survive in spite of your efforts to bring them down. No one is interested in what you say any more. You’re just a weak and sorry part of history, along with your bunch of Jewish sycophants, Obama included.

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